Shandong launches autumn straw burning ban
"This year is the final year of the 13th Five-Year Plan, and it is also a year of decisive victory in the battle for pollution prevention and control. We must continue to do a good job in banning straw burning, severely crack down on random and malicious burning of straw in accordance with the law, and neglect the burning of straw and other related liabilities. Personnel, increase economic penalties, administrative penalties, disciplinary sanctions and exposure warnings to form a deterrent." Shandong Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment has recently made arrangements for the province's autumn straw burning ban.
Cui Fengyou, deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment, told reporters: "The annual autumn harvest season is about to come. In order to ensure environmental air quality, the province will start the 2020 fall ban on straw burning from now on. Reduce, highlight key points, continue to exert efforts, and implement various measures to help win the battle against the blue sky."
1 Improve the mechanism to improve the network, and compact the responsibility of prohibiting burning
The reporter learned that during the summer harvest this year, Shandong Province discovered and notified 14 straw burning fire spots, with a total fire area of about 1741 mu. The number of straw burning fire spots has been significantly reduced compared with the same period in previous years, and the control effect is very significant. The ban on straw burning has a certain promoting effect on improving air quality. From January to August, the overall environmental air quality of the province continued to improve.
"The following autumn and winter will be the last stage of the battle before the end of the blue sky defense war. It is directly related to the success or failure of the blue sky defense war. From the past, the air pollution diffusion conditions in autumn and winter are poor, and it is the season of frequent haze. Straw burning will produce a large amount of pollutants in a short period of time. If unfavorable weather conditions are superimposed on it, it will increase the impact of polluting weather. Therefore, the ban on straw burning in autumn should be an important part of the prevention and control of air pollution in autumn and winter. Hands." said Zhang Lu, a fourth-level investigator from the Department of Atmospheric Environment of the Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment.
In order to consolidate the responsibilities of prohibition of burning at all levels, Shandong Province requires that the working mechanism of "government-led, departmental linkage, de-blocking integration, and decentralization as the main" work mechanism and "provincial and municipal supervision, county and district organization, township implementation, and village residents' participation" be improved. The straw burning work network. Ecological and environmental departments at all levels play a leading role, closely cooperate with public security, discipline inspection and supervision departments, and supervise in accordance with their respective responsibilities in accordance with the law.
2 With the help of "Sky Eye" for remote sensing monitoring, on-site inspection and tracking supervision
In order to strengthen environmental supervision, during the summer harvest period, Shandong Province used "Sky Eye" to carry out remote sensing monitoring of straw burning fires for the first time, forming a working method of "multi-satellite discovery, multi-means verification, and multi-method reporting", and initially established the "remote sensing of straw burning fires" Discovery-ground verification-supervision and law enforcement" supervision system.
Liu Wei, deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Eco-Environment Monitoring Center, said: “During the ban on straw burning this summer, the 14 fire points reported by the Shandong Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment were all discovered by satellite remote sensing. In order to do a good job in the ban on straw burning in autumn, we will continue Use satellite remote sensing and other scientific and technological means to monitor incineration fires. For fires discovered, we will conduct on-site verification immediately, follow up and supervise the investigation and handling, and severely punish the'first fire'."
The satellite remote sensing monitoring scope of the ban on straw burning in Shandong covers the whole province. The satellite remote sensing system can extract information such as the number and location of straw burning fire points within 24 hours. At present, the provincial ecological environment monitoring center satellite remote sensing monitoring and control related preparations are ready, and will provide strong support for the province's autumn straw burning ban.
3 Introduce scientific and technological supervision methods to improve the effectiveness of law enforcement inspections
Xiao Dawei, deputy director of the Soil Ecology and Environment Division of Shandong Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment, told reporters: "During the summer harvest this year, Jinan, Qingdao, Weifang, Jining and other places continued to explore and innovate in the practice of banning burning, and accumulated some good experience and good practices. "
Qingdao City issued an environmental air quality ecological compensation plan, stipulating that all districts (cities) where straw burning fires are discovered for the first time must pay 500,000 yuan to the municipal finance; if two or more fire spots are found, 1 million yuan will be paid for each fire spot. For districts (municipalities) where there has been no open burning throughout the year, the municipal government will reward them with 500,000 yuan.
Jining City uses high-definition cameras and Internet technology to build a straw burning prohibition online monitoring system platform, installs 585 monitoring cameras, automatically recognizes and locks fire points, smoke, etc., immediately transmits relevant information back to the monitoring platform and informs emergency personnel on duty. To discover and dispose of in time.
Changyi City has promoted the implementation of the straw burning prohibition monitoring service project. By using new technologies such as intelligent image recognition, GIS geographic information, fusion communication and thermal imaging, it will monitor and alarm before the fire has spread, locate the fire point coordinates, and pass The mobile APP releases alarm information, handles it through navigation, and uses the "technical defense + civil defense" approach to improve efficiency.
The Huaiyin District of Jinan City uses drone inspections to conduct comprehensive aerial photography of burn-free areas every day to effectively make up for the shortcomings of human and material resources; set up burn-free inspection teams and implement 24-hour uninterrupted patrols to construct the area A four-level linkage responsibility system for, neighborhoods, villages, and plots. Focus on carrying out day and night inspections in key and sensitive areas along the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, expressways, and major traffic arteries, and quickly respond to signs that are found to ensure that they are resolved in the first time.