Development status of biomass energy
As the international community pays more and more attention to issues such as ensuring energy security, protecting the ecological environment, and responding to climate change, accelerating the development and utilization of renewable energy such as biomass energy has become a common consensus and concerted action by all countries in the world. It is also a global energy transition and the realization of climate response. A major strategic move to change the target. Bio-based materials, biomass fuels, and bio-based chemicals are major strategic products related to the quality of people's livelihood and national energy and food security. In 2017, the global bio-based materials and biomass energy industry exceeded US$1 trillion, and the US reached US$400 billion. The United States plans to replace 25% of petrochemical-based materials with bio-based materials in 2020; the "Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)" strategic report "Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)" Other industrial products come from bio-manufacturing; biomass energy has become the world’s largest renewable energy source. The United States plans to account for 30% of transportation fuels by 2030, and Sweden, Finland and other countries plan to complete biomass fuels around 2040. Replace petroleum-based vehicle fuels.
At present, countries all over the world have put forward clear biomass energy development goals, and formulated relevant development plans, regulations and policies to promote the development of renewable biomass energy. For example, industries such as corn ethanol in the United States, sugarcane ethanol in Brazil, biomass power generation in Northern Europe, and biogas in Germany have developed rapidly.
After many years of hard work, Chinese scientists have also occupied an internationally leading or equal position in several research fields of biomass energy. With the support of relevant national funds, especially the strategic leading technology project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences uses subversive lignocellulosic raw materials to prepare bio-aviation fuel co-production chemical technology, which supports the development of national fuel ethanol and biomass fuel industries. Agricultural waste alcohol and alkane co-production technology is the core, breakthrough key technologies and industrial demonstrations. Aiming at the problem of high-value utilization of low-value biomass resources, the world’s first 100-ton straw raw material water phase catalyzed production of biological aviation fuel demonstration system has been established. The product quality has reached the ASTM-D-7566 (A2) standard, and it is planned to be in recent years. Built the first international thousand-ton demonstration system, a pilot-scale and industrial demonstration of thousand-ton furan products/isosorbide, an industrial demonstration of 300,000 tons of straw ethanol and supporting co-generation of heat and power, and comprehensive utilization of tens of millions of cubic meters of biogas per year. A batch of demonstration projects that embody technical characteristics, regional characteristics and product characteristics, such as the distributed energy supply industrialization demonstration project, will further strengthen and maintain the international leading position in the field of biomass energy technology innovation above China.